air jordans canada goose outlet legend blue 11s jordan retro 7 beats by dre cheap Michael Kors outlet jordan 7 canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s canada goose jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet nike retro jordans coach factory retro jordans nike legend blue 11s beats by dre cheap louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap beats by dre cheap uggs outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 uggs outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton louis vuitton sac nike air max jordan retro 12 jordan 12 moncler jackets louis vuitton sac nike free run moncler jackets jordan 7 retro jordans retro jordans jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet legend blue 11s jordan 7 jordan retro 7 canada goose canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 nike legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s air jordans canada goose outlet coach outlet moncler jackets coach outlet jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 louis vuitton sac louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap jordan 12 nike free run nike air max louis vuitton louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap moncler jackets sac louis vuitton nike air max moncler jackets louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 canada goose outlet retro jordans Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s canada goose outlet coach outlet coach factory canada goose outlet retro jordans Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s canada goose outlet canada goose outlet beats by dre cheap canada goose outlet canada goose legend blue 11s retro jordans canada goose outlet moncler jackets nike free run nike air max moncler jackets nike air max nike air max uggs outlet beats by dre cheap uggs coach outlet nike free run louis vuitton outlet nike free run uggs outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton sac louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap moncler jackets nike air max canada goose outlet nike jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet canada goose outlet nike jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet coach factory Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet legend blue 11s air jordans nike Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 11 legend blue 11s beats by dre cheap louis vuitton outlet sac louis vuitton louis vuitton outlet uggs nike air max louis vuitton sac nike air max beats by dre cheap beats by dre cheap nike air max jordan 12 nike air max moncler jackets nike free run coach outlet coach outlet moncler jackets jordan retro 12 coach outlet Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet nike coach outlet Michael Kors outlet canada goose jordan retro 7 canada goose nike retro jordans canada goose outlet beats by dre cheap canada goose outlet retro jordans Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 12 nike free run moncler jackets nike free run louis vuitton sac jordan retro 12 moncler jackets louis vuitton sac louis vuitton louis vuitton outlet coach outlet uggs outlet moncler jackets louis vuitton louis vuitton outlet nike free run coach outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 moncler jackets jordan 4 jordan 4 jordan retro 11 jordan 11 jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet air jordan 11 canada goose sale uggs on sale jordan retro 11 louis vuitton pas cher jordan 4 jordan retro 7 jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet canada goose outlet french blue 7s jordan retro 4 uggs on sale louis vuitton jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 11 air jordans jordan 13 canada goose outlet jordan 11 canada goose sale canada goose outlet jordan 11 legend blue michael kors outlet jordan 7 french blue jordan 7 french blue jordan 11 legend blue 11s air jordan 4 jordan retro 11 french blue 7s michael kors outlet jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet uggs outlet michael kors outlet jordan 11 jordan 4 air jordans jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton jordan 11 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet jordan retro 11 uggs on sale red cements 10s louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 air jordans jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet michael kors outlet french blue 7s louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 11 jordan 11 canada goose outlet jordan 4 oreo michael kors outlet michael kors outlet jordan 11 jordan retro 4 jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet
Home > Learn > Breast and Ovarian Cancer > Screening Procedures for Ovarian Cancer
Untitled Document

 

 

beats by dre cheap coach outlet canada goose canada goose outlet legend blue 11s legend blue 11s legend blue 11s beats by dre cheap jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet nike nike jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s canada goose outlet retro jordans beats by dre cheap louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet nike free run jordan retro 12 coach outlet louis vuitton sac sac louis vuitton louis vuitton sac moncler jackets jordan retro 12 moncler jackets beats by dre cheap moncler jackets jordan retro 12 moncler jackets louis vuitton sac louis vuitton outlet moncler jackets beats by dre cheap jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet beats by dre cheap jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet canada goose outlet canada goose Michael Kors outlet beats by dre cheap jordan retro 7 retro jordans nike Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet nike beats by dre cheap beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 coach outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 nike air max jordan retro 12 beats by dre cheap coach outlet louis vuitton sac coach outlet jordan retro 12 nike free run moncler jackets moncler jackets nike air max jordan retro 12 canada goose outlet air jordans jordan 7 canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet nike canada goose outlet canada goose outlet Michael Kors outlet nike coach outlet jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet retro jordans jordan retro 7 retro jordans Michael Kors outlet beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap uggs outlet beats by dre cheap louis vuitton sac nike air max jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap nike air max jordan retro 12 moncler jackets moncler jackets moncler jackets louis vuitton sac jordan retro 12 uggs outlet coach outlet jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 coach outlet jordan retro 7 nike nike Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 canada goose Michael Kors outlet jordan 7 canada goose outlet coach factory Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan 12 moncler jackets louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet coach outlet jordan retro 12 coach outlet beats by dre cheap nike air max jordan retro 12 nike free run sac louis vuitton jordan retro 12 moncler jackets louis vuitton outlet Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s canada goose canada goose outlet Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet nike coach outlet Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet beats by dre coach outlet legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 nike nike Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s louis vuitton sac louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton sac nike free run uggs uggs jordan 12 moncler jackets beats by dre cheap nike free run louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 jordan 12 uggs outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap louis vuitton sac jordan 11 legend blue michael kors outlet louis vuitton outlet oreo 4s jordan retro 11 uggs outlet louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet jordan 11 michael kors outlet air jordan 4 jordan retro 11 oreo 4s jordan 11 uggs outlet michael kors outlet jordan 11 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 7 louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 canada goose sale michael kors outlet michael kors outlet jordan retro 4 jordan retro 4 jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet legend blue 11s legend blue 11s louis vuitton outlet jordan 7 french blue air jordans jordan 4 michael kors outlet louis vuitton french blue 7s legend blue 11s jordan 11 legend blue jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet air jordan 4 jordan 11 jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet jordan retro 4 jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet jordan 7 french blue jordan 4 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 11 jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet jordan 11 legend blue jordan retro 4 jordan retro 11 french blue 7s michael kors outlet jordan 11 jordan 11 jordan retro 11 jordan retro 4 jordan 11 canada goose sale michael kors outlet retro jordans louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet michael kors outlet louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet legend blue 11s
Breast and Ovarian Cancer
  Screening Procedures for
Ovarian Cancer

By Kari Danziger, MS, CGC

Reviewed by Beth Crawford, MS, CGC and Miriam Komaromy, MD


 

Doctors use two procedures for detecting early signs of ovarian cancer. However, neither of these screening methods is considered to be accurate enough for use in the general population. Instead, they are primarily used in women who have a family history of ovarian cancer or who have a known or suspected mutation in one of the genes that are known to increase a woman's risk of ovarian cancer.

 
 
Difficulties Associated With Ovarian Cancer Screening
 For an ovarian cancer screening test to be useful, it must be:
  • Simple to perform
  • Specific enough to identify those who don't have the disease
  • And most importantly, sensitive enough to detect almost everyone who does have the disease.

In other words, a test that overlooks symptoms in some individuals or that falsely identifies them in others is not appropriate for the general population. There is simply too much room for error — especially if that error can lead someone to believe that he or she is cancer-free. In such cases, the outcome can be disastrous.

Because there is no ovarian screening test that meets these criteria, there are no screening methods for ovarian cancer that are practical for the general population. However, for women who are at increased risk of ovarian cancer, two screening tools are available. These include transvaginal ultrasonography (a procedure to view the ovaries) — which is also sometimes used with a technique called Doppler (which evaluates blood flow) — and measurement of CA-125 levels (a chemical found in the bloodstream that may be elevated when an ovarian tumor is present).

Neither of these tests are 100 percent accurate, which is why they are not appropriate or recommended for the general population. However, ovarian cancer often fails to produce symptoms until it is advanced and has spread to other organs. So, even a test that is not totally accurate is preferable to no test at all in women who are at very high risk for the disease, if it can give the patient and the physician an indication that cancer might be developing. However, it is important to keep in mind that even in high risk women these tests have not be proven to help the women live longer.

top

Pelvic Examination
Doctors often perform a pelvic exam on women during their annual check up. Although a pelvic exam can occasionally detect ovarian cancer, it often misses cancers or only detects the cancer when it is quite advanced and harder to treat. In addition, abnormalities found during pelvic exams often do not turn out to be cancer. For these reasons, pelvic exams are not considered an effective screening method for ovarian cancer. However, they are an important part of an annual exam because they allow the physician to perform a pap smear to screen for cervical cancer.

top

Transvaginal Ultrasound With Color Doppler

In this procedure, a doctor inserts a small probe that produces sound waves in the vagina. The ultrasound waves create an image of the ovaries on a computer screen, enabling physicians to detect signs of ovarian cancer. By adding color doppler, doctors can see detail about blood flow in the tissue. Although this is the best single tool for ovarian cancer screening, it's far from perfect. It can fail to detect a developing tumor and can also mistakenly identify a noncancerous lesion as a tumor.

top

 

CA-125 Testing

In this procedure, doctors look for a chemical, or tumor marker called CA-125 in a woman's bloodstream. Because ovarian cancers usually produce CA-125, an above-average level can be an indicator of ovarian cancer. However, CA-125 testing is far from the perfect screening method because:

  • More than 50 percent of early-stage tumors fail to produce elevated CA-125 levels, meaning that CA-125 levels can remain low even when cancer is present.
  • Some benign conditions can lead to elevated CA-125 levels, including pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, tuberculosis, and cirrhosis of the liver.

It is more accurate to establish a baseline CA-125 test and then compare future tests with the woman's own previous test results. However, in women age 50 or older, it appears to be better for distinguishing between benign and malignant conditions.

References


Gargano, G. et al. (1990). The role of tumour markers in ovarian cancer. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 17(1):23-9.

Higgins, R.V. et al. (1989). Transvaginal sonography as a screening method for ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 34(3):402-6.

van Nagell, Jr. et al. (1990). Transvaginal sonography as a screening method for ovarian cancer. A report of the first 1000 cases screened. Cancer. 65(3):573-7.


<<Previous Article
Main Topic Page
Next Article>>

 

Untitled Document

©Copyright 2011 Latest Medical, Inc.. All Rights Reserved.
Contact Us

coach factory coach outlet canada goose outlet Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s legend blue 11s coach outlet legend blue 11s jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet nike jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet canada goose outlet retro jordans Michael Kors outlet coach factory louis vuitton outlet nike free run beats by dre cheap nike air max moncler jackets sac louis vuitton sac louis vuitton louis vuitton sac louis vuitton outlet moncler jackets jordan retro 12 moncler jackets beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 louis vuitton louis vuitton sac moncler jackets beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 canada goose outlet canada goose nike Michael Kors outlet canada goose canada goose outlet beats by dre air jordans retro jordans legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet canada goose canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet legend blue 11s beats by dre cheap jordan retro 7 louis vuitton outlet moncler jackets louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet nike air max nike free run coach outlet nike free run moncler jackets beats by dre cheap moncler jackets louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap louis vuitton sac coach outlet louis vuitton outlet beats by dre cheap coach outlet canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 beats by dre cheap canada goose outlet beats by dre legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet retro jordans Michael Kors outlet jordan retro 7 jordan retro 7 coach factory jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet coach outlet canada goose retro jordans canada goose outlet beats by dre cheap moncler jackets moncler jackets sac louis vuitton beats by dre cheap jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet moncler jackets louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap beats by dre cheap moncler jackets louis vuitton nike free run louis vuitton sac louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton sac jordan retro 12 moncler jackets moncler jackets uggs outlet legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet Michael Kors outlet canada goose outlet jordan retro 7 legend blue 11s Michael Kors outlet beats by dre jordan retro 7 Michael Kors outlet retro jordans retro jordans nike canada goose outlet retro jordans canada goose outlet coach factory retro jordans coach outlet air jordans moncler jackets moncler jackets beats by dre cheap louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap nike air max jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet nike free run jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 moncler jackets moncler jackets jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 moncler jackets sac louis vuitton moncler jackets coach factory jordan retro 7 canada goose outlet retro jordans canada goose outlet coach factory canada goose beats by dre cheap canada goose retro jordans nike air jordans retro jordans retro jordans jordan 7 canada goose outlet legend blue 11s retro jordans jordan retro 7 coach outlet jordan retro 12 louis vuitton outlet nike air max moncler jackets louis vuitton sac beats by dre cheap coach outlet nike air max moncler jackets moncler jackets moncler jackets moncler jackets moncler jackets jordan retro 12 uggs moncler jackets louis vuitton outlet jordan retro 12 jordan retro 12 louis vuitton sac jordan retro 4 michael kors outlet jordan retro 11 jordan 11 jordan 11 uggs outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet red cements 10s air jordan 4 jordan retro 11 uggs outlet french blue 7s louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 legend blue jordan 4 jordan retro 11 jordan 10 red cements michael kors outlet jordan 13 michael kors outlet air jordans jordan 11 jordan retro 7 jordan 11 jordan retro 4 louis vuitton outlet jordan 4 jordan retro 11 legend blue 11s jordan retro 11 air jordan 11 air jordans jordan 4 michael kors outlet louis vuitton outlet french blue 7s louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet air jordans retro jordans french blue 7s uggs on sale michael kors outlet michael kors outlet jordan retro 11 canada goose uggs on sale jordan 11 jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet french blue 7s jordan 4 uggs outlet air jordan 4 jordan 10 red cements jordan 4 jordan 11 legend blue legend blue 11s louis vuitton outlet uggs outlet michael kors outlet michael kors outlet jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet jordan 7 french blue air jordans louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 michael kors outlet jordan 11 jordan 7 french blue michael kors outlet jordan retro 4 jordan retro 4 jordan retro 11 michael kors outlet jordan retro 11